Design of a bathroom in a wooden house.
The design of the bathroom in the house. Wooden houses are the most environmentally friendly material to date. Microclimate – these are just some of the advantages of such housing. But he has one “weak point”. The bathroom in the house requires special attention.
Although each type of tree is afraid of water – from some ancient species they were ships that served faithfully for more than decades.
In its arrangement, it is necessary to pay attention to the following questions:
Powerful equipment for forced ventilation.
Reinforced waterproofing of the floor, walls, and ceiling.
The right choice and location of utilities, taking into account the shrinkage of the wooden building of the new building.
Exact calculation of load-bearing structures, if the bathroom is planned to be done on the upper floors.
Finishing the bathroom with maximum preservation of natural wood in the interior. This material has a unique healing effect, and trying to hide it behind other types of cladding is not the best solution.
Exception: dilapidated walls in old houses that need to be strengthened and protected from moisture. Proper installation, connection, and sealing of plumbing.
Regular and proper care.
If you follow these rules, we will get a comfortable, stylish and original bathroom, not inferior in quality to analogs in brick or concrete buildings. At the same time, the design of the room does not require frequent updates, because natural materials are always in fashion and come out of it.
In the photo – a bathroom in a wooden house, examples of interesting solutions:
How to equip a bathroom in a wooden house
When starting to repair a bathroom, you must decide for yourself:
will we keep the wooden walls open or will they need extra cladding?
On which floor will the bathroom be located. The structure of the floor depends on this. Immediately, we note that it is better to place the bathroom on the ground or in the basement so that the load is from heavy plumbing: a bathroom, a hydro box, a jacuzzi, etc. Lay on the foundation, and not on the floor. Of course, taking water procedures in the attic or in the attic is romantic, but such a decision will bring additional troubles during construction.
Whether we use a traditional bath or shower. In the second case, we are guaranteed to reduce the humidity in the room due to the tightness of the water supply.
How to properly care for the bath from mold and mildew. Without this procedure, harmful microorganisms can spread to neighboring living rooms.
What style is designed to decorate the interior
Tip: designing a bathroom in a wooden house involves the use of areas such as Provence, country, rustic, rarely modern or minimalism. But the classics or hi-tech will look alien to the atmosphere of such a house (see photo):
What to make a bathroom floor
Usually for the decoration of bathrooms is used:
But whatever material we choose, it is important to properly prepare the base for it, providing good waterproofing.
Once again, we repeat that the bathroom is better equipped on the first floor. This makes it possible to use as a base a concrete pillow with reinforcement, which during the shrinkage of the house will protect the floor covering from deformation and will allow you to install any plumbing, including a cast-iron bath, without water weighing up to 120 kg. During our bathing, the mass of such a bowl increases at least twice, so that the support, in this case, should have increased strength.
If you decide to equip the bathroom on the second floor, you will have to give up the concrete. On the floor of wooden beams laid logs, and then make a rough flooring of moisture-resistant plywood, protected by a layer of waterproofing. Instead of traditional bitumen and roofing material, it is recommended to use modern film self-adhesive materials.
Important: in the bathroom, when waterproofing the floor at the same time cover the walls to a height of at least 20 cm. Further actions depend on the choice of finishing material. If you use wood, laminate or linoleum, you can opt for moisture-resistant boards made of wood-chip materials, or plywood.
Under tiles, mosaics or porcelain tiles, a cement-sand screed is made, when arranging a shower without a pallet, additionally providing a slope for draining water. Without such a coating, a bending wooden structure will not provide the tile with proper stability, and it will start to crack.
Recommendations: . To screed the floor level in the bathroom rose above and didn’t have to do the uncomfortable threshold, the beams under the bath must be omitted in the process of building at least 10 cm, the Calculation load on the floor only trust the experts, not to be mistaken with the choice of the cross section and pitch of bearing bars.
At the same time, the floor should be laid and communications, taking into account the fact that new wooden houses give a large shrinkage. To protect pipes from compression, in places of passage through walls, they are laid in boxes made of brick or concrete, or metal sleeves. It is preferable to choose the communications themselves from polypropylene or polyvinyl chloride – they are not inferior to cast iron in terms of operational characteristics, but they are less clogged and are not subject to corrosion.
Tile in the bathroom
Tile in the bathroom This is the most popular and traditional type of finish, but not when it comes to floors in a wooden house. Its main drawback in this case: the need for a screed that weighs the overlap.
Otherwise, tiles and porcelain stoneware have an ideal ratio of price and quality, perfectly combined with other finishing materials, including wood.
Floor tiles in the bathroom, photo:
They are rarely used in areas with high humidity. But for bathroom floors in a wooden house – this is the best option because you do not need a cement screed, which means that the floor as a whole will have a smaller thickness and weight.
Choosing such breeds as teak or larch, we can not be afraid of destruction of the coating from moisture, especially with the additional protection of boards with ship varnish and processing of seams with a similar sealant.
The reason why lumber is rarely used for finishing floors in bathrooms lies in their high cost.
A worthy alternative – ThermoWood. Exposed to high temperatures, it is not afraid of water, bacteria and mold, strong, durable, aesthetic. The material is environmentally safe since it is not processed with chemical compositions to improve technical characteristics. The price of Thermo modified wood is relatively low, and it has an exclusive look even when using inexpensive breeds.
Finishing the bathroom floor with wood, photo: Laminate
laminate flooring in the bathroom
This synthetic material is now successfully replacing natural wood in bathrooms. Completely imitating the texture of a natural analog, it is much cheaper and easier to operate.
Advantages of laminate flooring in the bathroom:
- As the material prevents their development;
- Easy Assembly and disassembly of the coating;
- Resistance to loads and mechanical damage
- Undemanding in care.
laminate is not attached to the base, so it is not damaged when bending wooden beams; Important: there are two types of material-moisture and water-resistant. You should pay special attention to this when buying. For bathrooms, it is necessary to have a water-resistant laminated Board made on the basis of plastic, and not chipboard. However, even it does not need to be especially “tested for strength”. If the coating is flooded, the water is immediately removed with a dry cloth. In the photo-laminated floors in the bathroom in a wooden house
The most budget type of floor finishing in the bathroom. It can imitate tiles, natural stone or wood, as well as have an abstract drawing. 3D-printed coatings that create unusual spatial effects are popular.
The elastic material does not require a cement screed, it is pleasant for the feet, does not collapse under the influence of moisture or high temperatures. In order for the coating to last for a long time, it is recommended to choose commercial PVC linoleum of class 41-43. Its only drawback is the high price and complexity of installation, which requires the presence of specialists.
Linoleum in the bathroom more on the photo
The walls in the bathroom
The choice of finishing materials largely depends on the quality of ventilation – the higher it is, the wider the range of decorative solutions. The interior of the bathroom in a wooden house made of timber or logs is beautiful in itself-it is desirable to keep it in its original form. If the walls do not have visible defects, it only needs to be treated with antiseptics and varnish or linseed oil for protection from water, and in places of an adjunction of a shower, bath, and sink to further protect the tile or other waterproof linings.
Photo of a bathroom in a wooden house without additional decoration:
Warning: when heated, many impregnations emit toxic substances, so it is better to use natural wax or linseed oil instead.
The water-repellent coating of wooden walls needs to be renewed every 5 years.
Glued Board or blockhouse for the bathroom
Another popular option for finishing the bathroom is a glued Board or blockhouse (imitation of a round log or a bar). The advantage of this method is the ability to make reliable waterproofing and additional insulation, significantly extending the” life ” of the walls of the bathroom.
The selected finishing material is attached to a wooden or steel crate. In the locations of suspended plumbing and furniture, special metal plates are laid on the anchors.
Between the frame, rails put insulation, such as basalt wool, which is environmentally friendly and does not lose its properties when wet. This is followed by a layer of waterproofing. Home craftsmen often limit themselves to ordinary polyethylene, but this is not the best option – condensate can accumulate under the film, provoking mold and rot. A vapor barrier membrane that provides natural ventilation of the walls is much more effective.
Tip: By placing the panels vertically, we will ensure rapid removal of condensation from the walls, while when mounted horizontally, moisture will flow into the grooves and accumulate there.
Plastic panels in the bathroom
The most budget option of finishing. In addition, it is questionable in style, because wood and plastic do not harmonize well with each other. But for a bathroom in an old wooden house, this method is indispensable – the walls will be protected from moisture as much as possible, and this is very important since they are unlikely to withstand such contact. In addition, when if necessary, the panels can be easily removed and external fences or partitions can be repaired. All the problem areas of the dilapidated building, wires, and pipes are successfully hidden behind plastic sheathing.
Important: wooden walls are pre-treated with powerful antiseptic and waterproof agents
Wall decoration with tiles, wallpaper, colorful compositions, plaster
All listed materials, except paint, cannot be applied directly to wooden walls. In this case, sheets of moisture-resistant drywall are attached to the prepared crate with insulation and waterproofing. Sometimes OSP panels are used instead.
Tiles in the bathroom in a wooden house try to obliterate only on the lower part of the walls to a height of 1.5-1.7 m. Then either use clapboard or leave an open frame. Completely abandon the use of wood in the interior is impractical.
Facing with tiles, photos: Plaster and Wallpaper, on the contrary, are used for the upper part of the walls, when finishing the bottom with ceramic tiles or wooden panels. It turns out a beautiful bathroom in the style of Provence, country or ethnic. It is necessary to completely cover the walls if their appearance is far from perfect. This usually applies to old buildings.
choose bathroom fixtures
When decorating the bathroom in the attic with drywall, it is advisable to leave the rafters and beams open – this will give the interior a unique charm. The ceiling in the bathroom in a wooden house Here, the finish can be any – from the lining (which is preferable) to the plasterboard lining with subsequent painting or stretch cloths. The choice is dictated only by the general style of the room.
Recall that with any finishing method, good ventilation is needed – the best way to quickly eliminate excess moisture and prevent condensation.
And the waterproofing of the ceiling in the bathroom will serve as additional protection for floor structures.
choose bathroom fixtures
If the bathroom is located on the second floor, you should abandon the heavy cast-iron bath in favor of steel or acrylic.
A bathroom with a shower is a great opportunity to reduce the overall humidity level in the room. It is best to use a hydro box that provides complete isolation from the surrounding space. As an option, you can consider a built-in cabin with hermetically sealed doors – it will fit well into the interior of any style.
It is desirable that the shower cabin is in harmony with the wood paneling of the bathroom. To do this, choose models made of transparent glass with a shallow tray – factory or homemade.
Even if the bathroom has a window, this is not enough to fully replace the wet air with dry air after water treatments.
We will need powerful and properly organized forced ventilation. Remove moisture vapor through special channels on the roof or through the wall directly to the street. Air ducts are laid either between the ceiling and the suspended ceiling or in the attic.
It is recommended to strengthen the system with an exhaust fan with automatic shutdown. This is the most convenient device that eliminates the need to constantly remember about it when it works. Attention: ventilation channels are equipped with fire-prevention valves that block the access of oxygen in the event of a building fire. And pipes are chosen from plastic, non-flammable materials. Technical communications are not required to ensure airflow. It is enough to make a gap, 1.5 cm wide at the bottom of the bathroom door.
You also need a vent in one of the walls under the ceiling – a small hole, which is then masked by a ventilation grate.
Bathrooms with a large area need functional zoning. Especially often, the toilet is separated from the main room, so that it is more comfortable to use it, and the room looks aesthetically pleasing.
Happy owners of spacious bathrooms in a country wooden house do not always know what it is better to make partitions so that they do not collapse from moisture and are light (to reduce the load on the ceiling).
Brick and concrete structures are excluded immediately – because of too much weight.
The best option: frame partitions in the bathroom with blockhouse cladding or moisture-resistant drywall. Another suitable material is glass blocks, which look beautiful, pass light well and add airiness to the room